In recent years Croatia has experienced a tourist boom, which has made its wines reaching unprecedented levels of international recognition. With a long history of wine production, comparable to that of the most traditional Mediterranean countries, Croatian wines were well known at different times, but Ottoman invasions, phylloxera, world wars, communism and conflicts in the former Yugoslavia caused it to fall into oblivion.
For decades, Croatian wine production was simply divided into "coastal" and "continental", but a few years ago a group of producers, sommeliers and experts created a new system that emphasized four regions, divided into 12 subregions with 66 Designations of origin. The country has 64 local grape varieties, in addition to an important presence of Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Syrah and Chardonnay.
It is the most southerly area, with a sunny and warm climate ideal for the cultivation of white wine, rich and fruity wines that are made with Posip, Debit and Marastina grapes. Red wines include varieties such as the Babic and Plavac Mali, with very good denominations of origin such as the Peljesac peninsula and the subregions of Dingac and Postup.
Istria and Kvarner
Located in the northwest of the country, it is known as "the other Tuscany", and the region includes the islands of the Kvarner Gulf. It is known for its refreshing white wines, ideal for fish and seafood and made with Malvasia Istriana and Zlahtina. The reds are produced basically with Teran grapes and some international varieties.
Is situated in the center of the country, on the border with Slovenia and Hungary, this region produces Sauvignon Blanc, Muscat, Riesling, Pinot Gris, Sylvaner, Gewürztraminer and Chardonnay, as well as some reds made with Pinot Noir grapes and excellent sweet wine and ice wine.
Slavonia and Danube
Last, the region of Slavonia and Danube is known for its dry white grape wine Grasevina, known elsewhere as Welschriesling or Riesling Italico. Other whites are also produced, made from Chardonnay, Pinot Gris and Sauvignon Blanc, and Blaufränkish reds among other international varieties.
Korlat Cabernet Sauvignon