Scottish Whisky, Scotch whiskey or simply Scotch whisky, is the exclusive and only whiskey made in Scotland, for many the best whiskey in the world. To be called Scotch whisky the spirit must conform to the standards of the Scotch Whisky Order of 1990 (UK), which clarified the Scotch Whisky Act of 1988. This record provides the following rules and standards of these spirits, so that the whiskey in question can be called "Scottish":
- Scotch must be produced and processed into a Scottish distillery, with water and malted barley.
- To this preparing, can also be added other types of cereals, as long as they have been processed in the distillery.
- Scotch must be distilled to a level of 94.8 º alcohol by volume (and keep the flavor of ingredients with which it was produced)
- Scotch whisky must be aged in oak casks in Scotland for at least 3 years.
- Scotch whisky is not to be added any substance other than water or candy (dyed).
- Scotch whisky can't be bottled - not less than 40 º of alcohol by volume.
History of Scotch whisky
It is said that Christian monks brought the distillation to Scotland between the IV and V century. The first documented record of the production of Scotch whisky dates back to 1494, at the farm Rolls, with a production of 1500 bottles. In 1506, the Scottish king James IV (1488-1513), visited the city of Dundee, where the king was surprised to know that the barbers of this city were evolved in the production of whisky, from back there and on, the Surgeon Barbers Guild of Edinburgh, were responsible for preparing this drink for medicinal purposes.
In 1644 imposing a tax on whiskey making in Scotland, and in 1780, there were 8 legal distilleries and 400 illegal, but this was not eternal, since 1823, parliament removed the restrictions on licensing of distilleries, which nearly ended the illegal distilleries.
In 1831 Scotch underwent a revolution with the introduction of a new process called Coffey stills, a process that allowed development of a better and smoother whisky, a fact which in turn made more famous scotch and began spreading to other countries in Europe. As history tells, Scotch has survived the ban, wars and revolutions, economic depressions and recessions. Today Scotch is the most representative whiskey in the world with presence in over 200 countries.
To recommend a scotch is one of the most complicated tasks. Because, besides the taste, there is a brand loyalty, opposite to wine, which tends to vary more? But still we recommend that at least once, cheat on your whiskey and try these others:
- Isle of Jura Superstition: In the classic line, Isle of Jura Superstition keeps the original flavor of whiskey and expertise combined with the touch of the barrels in which it is aged. An aged whiskey but soft and alive.
- Lagavulin 16 Years: Either you love it or you hate it. There is no middle with this so different scotch. Instead of the gentle aroma of vanilla, this whiskey from the very beginning offers strong aromas of oils and salt. It's different from everything else, and certainly if you insist you will eventually drive you crazy.
- Macallan 12 Years: One of the more successful whiskeys today. Toast and vanilla flavors are a very nice smooth whiskey. In line of the Isle of Jura and a bit cheaper.
What whiskey have you tried? What is your favorite? Are you a fan of any particular scotch?