Sicily is one of the most genuinely Mediterranean lands of Italy, and so its agriculture, from ancient times, perfectly sums up the purest essences of the culture, the climate and the character of the island.
With ideal physical characteristics for the elaboration, among others, of products such as citrus fruits, olive oil and of course, wine, Sicily has a tradition of vine cultivation which is lost in antiquity, although it seems that Greeks and Phoenicians were responsible respectively for planting the first vines in the hills of Sicily and market them around the Mare Nostrum, which they found perfect for it because of their mild temperature, the sea breeze that runs its coast and the vast amount of sunlight that still makes the autochthonous grapes particularly suited for the different varieties grown in it.
With an area of about 150,000 hectares of vineyards, three quarters of them for white grapes (mainly in the west) and the rest to red grapes (especially in the east of the island), Sicily produces one of the world's most famous wines, the Marsala, a fortified wine similar to Port, which shares with it the British origins of the wineries that produce them. This is an ideal wine as an aperitif or with cheese, fruit or dessert, competing for this purpose with other local products such as Passito di Pantelleria, made with raisins, the Malvasia delle Lipari, the Moscato di Noto and Syracuse or the Zibibbo.
Among the table varieties, are internationally known the Nero d'Avola, one of the more popular by its contribution to the Sicilian viticulture and placed among the best Italian wines. This wine takes its name from the most famous local red grape variety. The Bianco d'Alcamo, white and red Eloro, Contessa Entellina, Delia Nivolelli, Etna, Cerasuolo di Vittoria, Nerello Cappuccio, Nerello Mascalese, Frappato are also remarkable, the same way that other wines produced with autochthonous white grapes, such as Carricante, Cataratto or Grecanico. Many of these wines are protected by local geographical indications DOCG, DOC and IGT.