American bourbon, american whiskey or simply bourbon, it is a drink that comes in the category of distillates and is considered as a part of the whiskeys family. This is a very aromatic beverage with a hint of caramel flavor, which makes it easily distinguishable from Scotch or English whiskey.
Under U.S. law, the American whiskey label is only applicable on drinks prepared with corn at 50 % to 70 %. The rest is filled with wheat, barley or malted rye. Aging is usually only two years, and may spend about 5 years in oak barrels.
The history of American bourbon
The history of American bourbon goes with American history. It all began in 1774 in the village of Fort Harrod (now Harrodsburg - Kentucky) , the inhabitants of this village have started planting corn fields. Crops have been so good that they had surplus. It is at this moment that they began the development the Bourbon.
From 1777, the National Congress headed by George Washington established the famous stars and stripes flag. They asked for more alcohol to their armies. The first commercial distillery appears in 1783 in the city of Louisville - Kentucky, owned by Evan Williams. Two years later, in 1785, the country's authorities are beginning to encourage the development of American bourbon.
The Governor of Virginia Thomas Jefferson, offered 15 acres of land for planting corn to those who wanted to settle in Kentucky (the area was inhabited by Indians). Many people came and began to cultivate maize. The results were way higher than that needed for a family; they started making bourbon, which quickly became popular.
Bourbon name is of French origin. The French had played an important role in the War of Independence. In honor of the French royal family, the Bourbons and the King of France Louis XV, part of Kentucky was named Bourbon. The drink then took the name of the place where it was produced.
The Congress of the United States, in a resolution adopted in 1964 declared bourbon as a distinctive product of the United States. The official name became Bourbon Whiskey. Another story says that the creator of this drink was the Baptist minister Elijah Craig, but it is without historical documentation.
You want to taste this American drink? We recommend some of the top rated:
- Maker's Mark Bourbon 6 Years: A balanced and easy to drink bourbon. It has the aroma and slightly sweet taste of caramel, very tasty.
- Bourbon 12 Years Old Virginia: The aging is present. In addition to the typical aroma of bourbon, you can add the coal, and leather, which comes from its development in barrels. Beautiful.
- Wild Turkey Bourbon: One of the more traditional bourbon. Developed in Kentucky, the birthplace of Bourbon. This is probably the most popular Bourbon and most consumed in the United States. A reference.
Which one do you prefer? How do you drink it? "On the Rocks" ? Plane?