In the MW symposium held in May in Florence, grape geneticist José Vouillamoz revealed which are the grapes and countries that are growing faster in terms of culture worldwide, and the most prominent grapes were unexpected.
Tempranillo plantations have increased more than any other grape between 2000 and 2010, having considered the most widely planted varieties in the world.
Vouillamoz said the two most cultivated varieties 10 years ago were white, Airen from Spain and Rkatsiteli from Eastern Europe. They were the largest in terms of cultivated surface per vineyard worldwide, but their numbers had fallen since then to the present.
Despite this, in 2010 Airen remained the third most widely planted grape in the world, after Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot, but ahead of Tempranillo, according to Vouillamoz. But when you consider the growth rates and the rapid increase in sown area in the last decade, this order is reversed, leaving Tempranillo at first place, then Syrah, and finally Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot.
The increase in sown area in the last decade provides important data on what will be expected in the coming years regarding the leadership of plantations.
?Cabernet Sauvignon is grown everywhere, so Tempranillo will probably too? said Vouillamoz, offering a possible explanation for the significant planting increase of this Spanish grape -where they are more than 200.000 hectares of plantations-, although it is also widely planted in Portugal, and increasingly in Australia; and probably its planting area will continue to expand.
As for the countries that see a rapid growth in the vineyard area, the largest expansion can be found in China and India, according to Vouillamoz.
Giving a look to the future, Vouillamoz indicated that by 2050 India will have overtaken China in plantations, as the population grows and, with it, wine consumers.
Today we recommend two superb wines with Tempranillo:
Hacienda López de Haro Crianza 2011