The wheat beer is unique since it is made partly with this cereal, in addition to the classic barley, basic ingredient of all beers. The proportion of wheat used can be very different, depending on the variety, and can range from 25 to 70%. Normally, all of them are usually served at low temperature (about 4 °) and in large and elongated glasses.
The presence of this grain gives to the resulting beverage different qualities from those of other beers, especially a characteristic aroma of freshly baked bread, a somewhat fruity taste, spicy notes and also smoothness due to its lower alcohol content-making it an ideal accompaniment for short or medium maturation cheeses, seafood, fish, chicken and overall dishes with not very strong taste. They usually also have a pale color, a hazy appearance, little bitterness, high carbonation and a dense and durable foam, although there are variations depending on its origin. Basically we find the following varieties:
- Berliner weisse, characteristic of the German capital. Refreshing and light.
- Weizenbier, typical from Bavaria and, in general, southern Germany. The richest in wheat.
- Witbier or Bière blanche, from Belgium. They differ from the previous ones because the wheat is not malted, therefore presenting a higher density.
Other classes, such as Dunkelweizen incorporate particularities as a deeper color, product of roasting of the malts. The Hefeweizen beers are less filtered, so that gentle agitation will tend to lift the precipitated yeast at the bottom of the bottle. The Weizenbock is one of the exceptions within the so called wheat beers, since it has a higher alcohol content, while in the United States is elaborated the American Wheat, very light, or even in Catalonia we find some sample. Many of the beers flavored with fruits or spices are made based on wheat beers, given its greater lightness and responsiveness to these scents.