While tequila is a very popular drink worldwide, not everyone knows that it is only one of the varieties of mezcal. Tequila and mezcal have differences in their place of origin, processes of elaboration and even the correct way to drink them.
Mezcal is a drink made with agave using traditional methods and is divided into white, rested and aged, according to the time of aging in wooden barrels. In contrast, tequila is only made with the variety of blue agave and industrially, it is divided into pure and mixed, and is aged from 2 months to 7 years.
Other significant differences between mezcal and tequila are:
- Appellation: While mezcal is produced in Oaxaca, in southern Mexico, Durango, Guerrero, San Luis Potosí, Zacatecas, Guanajuato, Tamaulipas and Michoacán, tequila is produced in the territory of the same name in Jalisco, in addition to Guanajuato, Michoacán, Nayarit and Tamaulipas.
- The type of agave: For the elaboration of mezcal can be used 14 different types of agave and even mix them, while for the production of tequila only the blue type of agave -called 'tequilaza weber'- is allowed.
- The composition: While mezcal is made from 100% agave and chemical free, tequila can contain up to 49% sugars and other compounds.
- Elaboration: Mezcal is made using traditional methods with underground ovens, while the tequila is made industrially with copper stills.
- Taste: The taste of mezcal is strong and aromatic, while the taste of tequila is neutral.
- Appearance: You can recognize mezcal easily, as it has a worm inside the bottle, while tequila don't.
- How to drink it: While tequila is drank in a shot after a bit of salt and lemon, mezcal must be taken into ?caballitos? (little horses), called this way by the use of horns like glasses by the ?jimadores?.
- Export: Only in 2013, tequila had as major consuming countries the US, UK, Germany, France and Spain, with 126.6 million liters, while mezcal had as main consumers Chile, United States, United Kingdom, Australia and France, with 617,000 liters.
Now that you know a few more differences among these two spirits, we invite you to try how they taste. Cheers!
Jose Cuervo Especial Reposado a is a rested tequila produced in Mexico that presents an alcohol content of 38º
From the Jose Cuervo International distillery Jose Cuervo Black
Mezcal Gusano Rojo: a mezcal from distillery Gusano Rojo from Mexico
Distillery Tequila Unlimited B.V. produces Mezcal Scorpion Reposado